SmartManikin: Virtual Humans with Agency for Design Tools

Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems 2019
Bokyung Lee, Taeil Jin, Sung-Hee Lee and Daniel Saakes


When designing comfort and usability in products, designers need to evaluate aspects ranging from anthropometrics to use scenarios. Therefore, virtual and poseable mannequins are employed as a reference in early-stage tools and for evaluation in the later stages. However, tools to intuitively interact with virtual humans are lacking. In this paper, we introduce SmartManikin, a mannequin with agency that responds to high-level commands and to real-time design changes. We first captured human poses with respect to desk configurations, identified key features of the pose and trained regressio functions to estimate the optimal features at a given desk setup. The SmartManikin’s pose is generated by the predicted features as well as by using forward and inverse kinematics. We present our design, implementation, and an evaluation with expert designers. The results revealed that SmartManikin enhances the design experience by providing feedback concerning comfort and health in real time.


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 title={SmartManikin: Virtual Humans with Agency for Design Tools},
 author={Lee, Bokyung and Jin, Taeil and Lee, Sung-Hee and Saakes, Daniel},
 booktitle={Proceedings of the 2019 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems},